Operations often complains that the IT team is too disconnected from the business to perform at the highest levels. Business leaders clamor for IT staff who can talk about retail operations and back-office management, not just about information security and system availability. Every so often, an opportunity arises to fill an open IT role with someone from Operations who has "technical aptitude."
In an effort to keep the peace, a lot of IT leaders make the mistake of accepting a transfer from the Operations team rather than hiring an outside IT resource. Although it sounds almost "romantic" in design, in my experience, it almost never works out.
Sure, it would be great to have an IT person on staff who understands the intricacies of Cost Of Goods Sold (COGS) and Sales Per Labor Hour. It would be great to have someone on the team who could provide leadership on the impact a technology solution has on retail operations or back-office management, right out of the gate. Those are great goals, but you need to focus on getting your IT people deeply engrained within your business and not on trying to teach an Operations person how to operate within an IT framework.
Here is why the Operations-to-IT conversion doesn't work out:
- Operations and IT are dramatically different. Although it may seem obvious, someone who has spent most of his or her career in a restaurant or retail outlet typically doesn't like the process-ridden, political, desk-chained role of an IT person. It's like going from working outdoors to working inside. Most Operations people I have known who have attempted this transition behave like a wild animal put in the zoo. At first, they are happy for the simplicity and the routine. But soon they either sit at their desk staring into space or start to get defiant and angry.
- Operations and IT fix problems differently. I once had a colleague use the analogy that a farmer who fixed his broken tractor in the field may feel like he is getting more done, but that the farmer who took the tractor back to the barn to make the repairs would always achieve greater results. Operations people, by design, are great at putting out fires (fixing the tractor in the field). That is a lot of what they do. IT people, on the other hand, are good at doing root-cause analysis to determine what actions can be put in place so the problem doesn't happen again. Software development lifecycle and change control might as well be foreign languages to Operations people (as it should be). If you've always fixed your tractor in the field, heading to the barn when there is a problem seems like a bad idea. With Operations, "taking action" is what leads to success; with IT, "following process" is the way to win. See why there is a disconnect?
- There is a bigger impact to not understanding IT than there is for not understanding Operations. I've seen multiple examples where an Operations person (in the role of an IT person) made a change to the system that negatively impacted every store in the chain. The person was trying to address a problem in one location and accidentally made the change at all locations, causing hundreds of locations to lose money. When you are not technically trained but given a position with a lot of access to make changes, you can get yourself into a lot of trouble.
- There is not a cultural fit within the IT community. Let's say that you can dodge the bullets outlined above and have an Operations person successfully make the switch into an IT position. The next challenge is abandonment. What happens when the Operations peers move on to other roles or companies and the Operations/IT person is left alone with IT? That person can easily, and often, become ostracized from the rest of the IT group, because he or she is not technical enough to take on additional work. IT is often understaffed and has to ask everyone to pitch in to help. It makes it difficult when one team member can't help out in times of need because he or she doesn't have the basic skills. It also makes that person difficult to promote, because he or she doesn't have the experience to take on other IT roles and quickly loses touch with pervious Operations skills the longer he or she stays in IT.
- Being a strong user does not mean someone is qualified to be an administrator. I love to drive my car, but I am not a qualified mechanic. I am a tequila connoisseur, but that doesn't mean I could take over a distillery. You get the point. For some reason, business leaders believe that power-users would make good administrators, and that rarely is the case. Maybe if it were an ex-pat (from IT) who left the herd along time ago, I would consider it. But, otherwise, having technical abilities at a user level is not nearly enough qualification to run the system.</li
The most successful way to manage the relationship between the Operations team and the IT department is through true Business Analyst roles. This is where an IT organization hires people who are dedicated to managing the relationship with their functional counterparts. Smaller IT shops have a hard time dedicating resources to this type of role when there are so many IT projects that don't have enough resources to get things done. But a Business Analyst role was really designed to solve this problem (and why it exists in many larger organizations). A person in this role is truly meant to be the bridge between both sides, understanding the needs of the business while having the background to explain the options with technology.
What do you think? If you disagree (or even, heaven forbid, agree), please comment below or send me a private message. Or check out the Twitter discussion on @todd_michaud.